Server migrations are unavoidable. There will always be times when it is needed, like when there is a hard disk failure. Or perhaps when the web hosting firm is undergoing expansion, or increasing its security. On the part of a website owner, migrating to a new server may be spurred by the need to address increasing website traffic.
However, moving to a new server can be very stressful for a website owner. There’s the risk of data loss. Downtime can also be extended, which can translate to financial losses.
If you own a website and you are contemplating on making that move, here are some tips that you should keep in mind:
Download your backup files.
One of the first things you should find out about the new web host is if it uses the same web based administration panel. Thus if your current web hosting firm is using cPanel, it would be more advantageous and convenient for you to switch to a firm that also uses or deploys the popular control panel.
For the cPanel control panel option simply navigate your domain with the 2082 port number.
Once you have logged into the cPanel interface, you can locate for the Backup section which contains tools for backing up the site’s main public html folder. The said tools can also backup your site’s subdomains.
cPanel will then show the available backups by type. You can opt for a full-site backup, or backing up files that are specific to a subdomain within your website.
How to make the transfer
The new web hosting provider will send you an email that contains information such as IP address details and domain name servers for your new hosting plan. The email should be sent once you have settled the fee for the first month.
You will need this email to look for the relevant IP address. In the event that the cPanel link hasn’t been included, then you can add either the “:2082” or “c/panel” suffixes to the IP address. This should get you to the administrative log in.
Once you have logged into the new cPanel, look for the backup tools mentioned earlier. Find the file-upload box, then full-site backup file to start the upload process.
Check that databases work
You should realize that database backup files don’t have information about usernames passwords and permissions that are associated with the MySQL database. You will have to enter said information within the MySQL database interface within the cPanel.
So you will have to log into the FTP account via the website’s IP address to add relevant usernames, passwords, and permissions. This should ensure that the software will run smooth once the domain name has been transferred to the new website host.
Check everything before cancelling your old hosting plan
Make sure that the website is running well on its new server, just like it used to. When everything is A-OK, then you can cancel your old hosting plan.
Keep these four things in mind and you should have a hassle-free server migration.