Security is one of the major concerns of web hosting firms. Server compromises can affect their business reputation and their finances in the long run. Website owners naturally don’t want to do business with web hosting firms that have less than 99.9% uptime.
As such, web hosting firms implement different ways of ensuring that their servers are in tip-top condition 24/7. Some of the best practices in securing cPanel servers include:
Keeping the server software updated
Servers with outdated software are very vulnerable to software hacks. The best web hosting firms are very conscious of this fact, thus their engineers or staff regularly update their server software without delay.
Automatic software updates though could affect service functioning. Web hosting firms can address this by updating software in their clients’ live servers only after testing these in their own test servers.
Web hosting firms also scan different user application software in the server to ensure that these programs won’t affect server security. Others disable unused daemons to decrease security risks. The use of verified and authentic server software is also a common industry practice.
Updating to the latest version of cPanel
cPanel is also known to release its new versions or updates from time to time. It is imperative for web hosting firms to update their cPanel versions regularly as not doing so can negatively impact the functionality and features of the server.
Implementing a strong password policy
The best web hosting companies are well aware of the fact that poor passwords in their clients’ accounts can lead to hacking. They thus enforce a strong password policy in all cPanel servers to prevent account level hacking.
Clients of these firms are thus barred from reusing their passwords, or choosing passwords with less than 8 characters. They are also encouraged to use strong password generator tools. Web hosting firms also lock accounts after multiple login failures as a precautionary measure.
Locking the SSH server
The SSH server provides direct access to the cPanel server. Thus web hosting firms should secure it by restricting the number of users with access to the said server. Others also disable direct root access to this server as well as enable secure key access, or deny computers access to the said server.
Enabling the firewall
Firewalls protect the servers from unauthorized access. It can particularly protect the servers against viruses and malware.
Aside from enabling firewall, web hosting firms perform different tasks to ensure that the firewall will be able to provide topnotch protection to the server. One is the use of scanning software in the servers to protect against viruses and software.
Others configure the firewall so that login failure and port scanning attempts can be monitored. It is also a common practice for the best web hosting companies to set a limit to the number of failed logins to the server, so that it can be protected against brute force attacks.